TCA Peels in Clinics
The TCA allows easy removal of Xanthelasma usually within one or two sittings. This makes the product very successful within cosmetic clinics because the client can see the results soon after the first session and the results are achieved within a relatively short timeframe. However, TCA is not very easy to control and compared to other types of cosmetic peels, it could be too aggressive on certain skin types and more prone to cause, hypo or hyperpigmentation than other types of peels. Therefore it may not be the best option for home use given that there are milder peels available on the market which are easier to control
TCA is a non-toxic chemical (trichloracetic acid), which has been used to perform skin peels for over 20 years. It is a relative of vinegar (acetic acid.) When TCA is applied to the skin, it causes the top layers of cells to dry up and peel off over a period of several days to one week. When the old skin is peeled off, it exposes a new layer of undamaged skin, which has a smoother texture and more even color. Some dermatologists, in fact, still prefer TCA peels for treating sun damage or melasma, usually in combination with prescription creams. TCA peels are safe in the hands of an experienced dermatologist. TCA peels may be a good option, particularly if you have Xanthelasma.
Usually, the main choice for Xanthelasma removal in cosmetic clinics is the use of TCA based peels. This is because if used properly and at the right concentration TCA allows removal of the Xanthelasma in one or two sessions only. This is ideal to both cosmetic clinics as well as the customers because this achieves the best possible results within one session. However, if the concentration is too high or the application of the TCA is not done appropriately the cosmetic procedure could result in mild scarring (a very rare occurrence). On the other hand, if the concentration of TCA is too low the results will not be apparent and the client will not be satisfied. So, by using the right concentration of TCA it is possible to remove the Xanthelasma in one or two sessions. TCA is the best choice in cosmetic clinics because results are achieved and appreciable in a short time frame and few sessions.
However, the use of TCA requires a certain experience in order to achieve good results. This is because TCA is very effective but not as easy to control and for this reason, neutralizers sometimes need to be used during the cosmetic procedure. The main reason for the sort of control difficulty of TCA is that it is not as easy to neutralize by using water as alternative Glycolic and Mandelic Acid.
These are the some of the effects of TCA for Xanthelasma Removal:
- Excessive Eyelid Swelling. This occurs one or two days after the application of TCA on the upper eyelids.
- Stinging, numbness and burning of the skin.
- Skin peeling, including excessive peeling if you have a medium-depth or deep.
- Redness, which can range from the color of a mild sunburn to a deeper red, depending on the peel.
- Crusting or scabbing of the skin, due to skin cells being removed.
- Increased photosensitivity (sensitivity to the sun that can lead to hyperpigmentation).
- In some cases when someone has sensitive skin, scarring or dermatosis/pigment problems can also potentially occur.
Additionally as stated above TCA is not very easily controllable and the most effective way to stop if acidity is to use a neutraliser. Please note that rinsing with water and drying the area can help but will not stop the effects of TCA immediately.
How do TCA peels work and what are the different depth of peels?
All peels work by removing a layer of sun damaged skin. Superficial or “light” peels remove only the top layer, mostly the layer of dead skin called the stratum corneum. Progressing from medium to deep peels, the layer of skin removed is greater with each increase in strength of the TCA peel solution. The stronger the TCA peel solution the greater the risk of complications like uneven pigmentation or even scarring after Xanthelasma Removal. TCA peels can be performed at different skin depths from shallow to deep. Most dermatologists now are using laser technology instead of deep TCA peels for Xanthelasma Removal.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TCA AND GLYCOLIC ACID
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